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Study on the Silla Monk Uijeok(義寂) and the Ceremony for Bodhisattva-Precept’s Ordination

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2017, (126), pp.49-80
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Young-Mi Kim 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In Silla, the study of the Bodhisattva precepts on the Brahma’s Net Sutra(梵網經) began and the ordination was performed around unification of the Three Kingdoms. Regarding this topic, most research has covered Buddhist philosophy of the Bodhisattva precepts. Therefore, this study will focus on the ordination ceremony of Bodhisattva precept’s performed in Silla. However, a detailed account on the ritual for receiving the precepts is hardly found in Brahma’s Net Sutra as well as commentaries on the Sutra composed by the Silla monks except for the ones by monk Uijeok and Seungjang(勝莊). Since monk Seungjang spent most of his time in China, the ceremony for Bodhisattva precept’s ordination during the Silla period will be covered by analysis of monk Uijeok’s Commentary on Text of Bodhisattva Precepts(菩薩戒本疏). Explaining the Bodhisattva precepts from the Brahma’s Net Sutra, Uijeok mentioned that the stages of ordination ceremony were based on the eight stages from Bodhisattva bhumi Sutra(菩薩地持經). As the Bodhisattva bhumi Sutra forms a part of Yogācāra Bodhisattva precepts, how the ordination ceremony was performed shows differences from the Brahma’s Net Sutra. The difference results from the circumstances that then-read Brahma’s Net Sutra was not the full 120 volumes; Brahma’s Net Sutra contained each point of the precepts but the volume on the ordination ceremony was not translated. In consequence he had to explain the stages of ordination ceremony on the basis of the Bodhisattva bhumi Sutra and Treatise on the Stages of the Yogācāra(瑜伽師地論). Nevertheless, he also indicated various arguments on the ceremony in China. Thus this study deals with the ceremony for Bodhisattva precept’s ordination in China which he could have referred to.

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