본문 바로가기
  • Home

The Characteristics of Large Table-type Dolmens

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2017, (128), pp.5-50
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Ha, Moon Sik 1

1세종대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper examines various matters such as the location condition, distribution, structural characteristics, labor force and population scale of the construction, the size of population and the buried people of the 23 large table-type dolmens in the Northeast region of China and North Korea which are about 450 centimeters long and weigh more than 25 tons. Among the large table-type dolmens, the length of the cover stone of Eunyul Kwansan-ri No.1 is the longest(875cm) and the average length is 635cm. The weight of Anak Noam-ri No.1 is the heaviest at 84tons. Geographical distribution of the large table-type dolmens is more prevalent in the northwestern region of North Korea than in Liaonam(遼南), which is related to the center of Gojoseon in relation to the period of construction. The dolmens of North Korea are mainly distributed in wide fields or at the end of the ridge of mountain. The structural features of the large dolmens include the cemetery facilities, the eaves, the tilting stone which is slightly inward to keep general balance and the division of the stone chamber. The cover stones of Euncheon Unyong-dong No.19, Sangwon Jang-ri No.3 and Yonggang Seokcheonsan No.1 have a lot of grooming and look like a turtle. The large table-type dolmens would have been applied to the principles of the metrology and architectural mechanics of the society at that time. The dolmen of Yeontan Sonsin-dong No. 20 is a unique structure divided into three chambers. The tombs have individual functions and are likely to be a burial place based on family or relatives. The quarrying and transportation methods of the large stones used in the construction of dolmens are analyzed on the basis of ethnographic data and experimental archeology. As a result of rudimentary analysis of the labor force required for the construction, more than 1,000 people are mobilized: Anak Noamr-i No.1(1,344), Baecheon Yongdong-ri No.1(1,259), Yeontan Sonsin-dong No. 1(1,112). It seems that the group of people building such a large table-type dolmen is more than 5.000. At the stage of social development, it is highly likely that the society is a chiefdom society which is ruled by a leader who has a social dominance.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.