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A Review on records about Buyeo in Koguryobongi and the Substance of East Buyeo

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2019, (136), pp.47-80
  • DOI : 10.31218/TRKH.2019.12.136.47
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : November 17, 2019
  • Accepted : December 3, 2019
  • Published : December 30, 2019

Jang Byungjin 1

1연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article is to review whether the record of East Buyeo in Samguksagi Koguryobongi has been changed later. In the early days of Koguryo, there was a historical entity that can be called East Buyeo. It is natural to understand records of Buyeo in Koguryobongi as a relationship with East Buyeo. Since its early days, Koguryo had a close relationship with East Buyeo and achieved political growth. This attitude of Koguryo provided the circumstance in which North Buyeo showed hostility toward Koguryo, and led to a conflict between the two countries. On the other hand, even if the existence of East Buyeo and the relationship between Koguryo and East Buyeo are confirmed as fact, it is questionable to believe the Koguryo's founding myth also as a historical fact. The Koguryo's founding myth went through the stages of change until it had a present structure. The early Gyerubu royal family justified the founding of the kingdom and emphasized the sanctity of the kingship asserting that they had succeeded Dongmyeong of Buyeo. Then, the genealogy of the founding father changed to connect Heaven and Habaek. The change is a result of the Koguryo royal family’s acceptance of the founding myth of East Buyeo, who had been closely related to East Buyeo. Until the Koguryo royal family gave Jumong a sacred status of Dongmyeong and they completed the founding myth with the structure of Dongmyeong myth, for some time, there was a perception that Jumong was the son of heaven and the grandson of Habaek and inherited Dongmyeong.

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