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The Publication of the Joseon Tongsa: Volume 1 in the 1950’s and 1960’s, and Changes in North Korean History Academia

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2020, (137), pp.7-48
  • DOI : 10.31218/TRKH.2020.03.137.7
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : February 19, 2020
  • Accepted : March 6, 2020
  • Published : March 30, 2020

LEE JUN SUNG 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The capacity of North Korean history academia in the 1950s and 1960s can be estimated through the first and revised editions of the Joseon Tongsa (A General History of Korea): Volume 1, published in 1956 and 1962 respectively. Despite the short time differences between the two editions, they differ greatly from the basic principles of narrative to the details. The first edition was filled with neutral explanations and expressions without a clear era classification due to the reasons such as lack of accumulated research. However, the revised edition was evaluated to have achieved the results of the “struggle to accomplish the party's science policy”. Meanwhile, North Korean history academia, which was conducting research under the banner of “learn from the Soviet Union” after liberation, had to gradually change its relationship with the Soviet academia since the 1960s. In particular, when the Soviet academia criticized the North Korean academia for the inability to escape from “dogmatism” in translating and publishing the first edition of the Joseon Tongsa: Volume 1 (1956 edition), they strongly oppose this and became more devoted to establishing “Juche Ideology”.

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