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Naval Systems and Management Cases of the Chungcheong Suyeong in the Early 19th Century

Kim, Myung-Rae 1

1소영문화재연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The headquarters and the ‘Seonso’ of ‘Chungcheong Suyeong’ were located in Soseong-ri, Ocheon-myeon, Boryeong-si. Though there have been several researches made on the ‘gwangbang(關防)’ and ‘gonghae(公廨)’ of the headquarters, there have been few studies on the cases of operation and the organization of naval forces of Joseon Dynasty. ‘Gagosuyeong’ was often called “collection of cases for Chungcheong Suyeong”. It is a historical document which gets a lot of attention as it records the cases of 11 items including those for headquarters and the works of independent department. Focusing on this document, this study is made on the case of operating ‘Chungcheong Suyeong’ in early 19th century and the organization of the naval forces of Joseon Dynasty. ‘Gagosuyoeng’ has disclosed a lot of facts and clues which had not been known up to now. Especially, the information such as ‘mubuil’ (days in a month, when the warship does not get floated), distribution of ‘gyeokgun’ (‘rower soldiers’) by region, the supply of pine trees supplied for the building and renovation of warship and cases of warehouse called ‘Yukmulgo’ was the precious data for this study. In addition, although “Tongyeonggunji(統營郡誌, 1934)” was published in Japanese imperialism period, the interpretation of the application of the ‘gonghae(公廨)’ and warehouses contained in it was good references for this study and the study was conducted as follows. ① The previous interpretations of the works of each authority under Chungcheong Suyeong and the works of each professional department would be reviewed based on the operation cases written in Gagosuyeong. ② The type of soldiers for the ‘geupdaegun’ (‘salaried forces’) belonging to the headquarters and the total number of ‘jusagun’ (‘warship crewmen’) would be checked. And the number of mobilized ‘gyeokgun’ (rower soldiers) and the distribution of their residence would be understood. ③ The number of soldiers working at the commanding section, navigational section and combat section would be analyzed by type of solider for each warship and it would be drawn into chart for easy understanding in consideration of the number of warships, crewmen and ‘nogun’. ④ The situation at the time would be checked on the expenses of new building and renovation of warship and the supply of pine trees as the materials of warships. ⑤ The additional facilities such as the office of Seonso and warehouse of the naval force would be checked in various ways and the area for Seonso was reorganized. The findings of the study helped to make people understand many facts on the naval force in Chungcheong area in early 19th century and broaden the horizon of understanding. They also helped to correct the erroneous and unreasonable assumptions and interpretation of the warehouse and facilities made in the previous documents related to Chungcheong Suyeong by the authorities under Chungcheong Suyeong. The cases of headquarters in the Gagosuyeong was analyzed to find out the title of salaried soldiers under the headquarters and the list of salary by each type of solider while the accounts for one year or two years were analyzed to find out the income and expenditure for the salaried soldiers. The number of soldiers by field for the navigations crewmen on each warship under the headquarters was studied and listed for easy understanding. The record showed that the short pine trees such as ‘asong(兒松)’ and ‘chisong(稚松)’, which did not reach the middle-tall pine tree, were supplied as the raw materials for the new building or renovation of the warship at that time and that, showed that the supply of raw materials at that time was in trouble. The hard situation at that time was summarized here. The inland facilities like the additional facilities such as the office and warehouse which were essential for the Seonso under the headquarters were also reorganized to show the area of Seonso in Chungcheong Suyeong.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.