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Hwanghae-do Sangjeongbeop enforcement and Improvement in 17th∼18th century

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2021, (141), pp.175-210
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : February 25, 2021
  • Accepted : March 14, 2021
  • Published : March 30, 2021

Um Kisuc 1

1경인교육대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Around the 17th century, Sa-Daedong(私大同, irregular Dedong System) spread in Hwanghae-do(黃海道), and the method of paying tribute in kind gradually disappeared. During Japanese invasions(倭亂) and Manchu aggression(胡亂), the method of paying tribute in rice was formulated for diplomatic and military needs. As a result, in the mid-17th century, the method of paying tribute in the Hwanghae-do area was replaced by Byeolsumi(別收米). At the same time, the spread of Sa-Daedong continued, when Sa-Daedong was used as a way to raise funds for the local area. However, Byeolsumi and Sa-Daedong did not cover all tributary payments and local expenditures. The Jinsang(進上, institution of royal tribute) was still not included, and Sa-Daedong was only a customary measure. In the late 17th century, discussions began that the Dedong system(大同法) should be applied to Hwanghae-do as well as the spread of the Daedong system nationwide. There was opposition, but the implementation of the Hwanghae-do’s Sangjeong system(詳定法) was finally decided in 1708. Right after the system was enforced, the “Gichuksamok(己丑事目, regulations recognized in 1709)” was enacted, which laid the foundation for the early implementation of the Sangjeong system. And differences in regional burdens, which were the limitations of Sangjeong system, gradually converge to one value. Consequentially, in 1745, Sangjeong-ga(詳定價) was officially set at 12do(斗).

Citation status

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