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Development of quality improvement measures in the 1960s and enactment of the Industrial Quality Control Act

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2022, (145), pp.333-368
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : February 18, 2022
  • Accepted : March 14, 2022
  • Published : March 30, 2022

Jeong MooYong 1

1한신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the late 1950s, the poor quality of domestic products emerged as a social problem. Attempts have been made to improve the quality of the government, but only to establish quality standards for some export products. In this situation, the need for standardization emerged to improve quality, and the government of the Second Republic prepared related bills, but failed to lead to legislation. On September 30, 1961, the Industrial Standardization Act was promulgated, and the industrial standardization project began in 1962. However, consumers’ credit ratings for KS marks did not rise due to the abuse of some companies. Meanwhile, before and after the establishment of diplomatic relations between Korea and Japan in 1965, demands for improving the quality of domestic products and ensuring the thorough quality of KS marked products have soared. However, the problem of defects in KS-marked products remained. The quality of exports was also a big problem. Quality issues were a major obstacle to export promotion. The 2nd Five-Year Economic Development Plan declared “export-firstism,” which required strict quality control. The government indicated that it would actively engage in rationalization of management and quality control rather than leaving it to companies. In addition, in order to cope with the opening of imports, it was requested to improve the quality of domestic products. The Industrial Quality Control Act was enacted on March 30. At the 1968 New Year’s press conference, President Park Chung-hee raised the need for a second economy. Businessmen were required to engage in creative activities, promote corporate ethics. Creative activities meant quality improvement through quality control and management rationalization. In January 1968, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry issued the first quality indication order, and accordingly, a crackdown on quality indication began in March. The government simultaneously implemented guidance and sanctions on companies.

Citation status

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