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The conflict between the three kingdoms around 626 and Tang‘s perception of Baekje

Park Chanu 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Until now, historical images of the intensification of the Three Kingdoms’ conflict and the intervention of the Tang dynasty have been discussed mainly in the 640s. This is a major inflection point in Korean history in that it leads to the union of Silla and Tang, and the destruction of Goguryeo and Baekje. However, there was also an incident in which the Tang Dynasty sent a person named zhūzǐshē(朱子奢) as a messenger to intervene in the conflict between the Three Kingdoms around 626. This incident has been generally regarded as an incident during the reign of Emperor Gaozu of Tang(唐高祖, 618-626), but as a result of criticism of historical materials, it is highly likely that it was an incident during the reign of Emperor Taizong of Tang(唐太宗). At that time, the purpose of Emperor Taizong of Tang’s sending zhūzǐshē to the Three Kingdoms was Humméng(會盟)’s proposal, and as a result, the envoys of the Three Kingdoms gathered at the Tang Dynasty’s Imperial Court in late 627. In Humméng in 627, under the chairmanship of Emperor Taizong of Tang, the Three Kingdoms promised peace in the future, and King Mu of Baekje sent a diplomatic document to the Tang dynasty expressing his apology. However, Baekje did not stop attacking Silla until 627, and from Tang’s point of view, it was recognized that Baekje had broken its “promise between King and Vasal”. This led the Tang Dynasty to have a negative perception of Baekje, which is that Baekje easily breaks its promise, believing that it is located far away from the Tang Dynasty, and Baekje is different from the outside. Such perception of the Tang Dynasty is thought to begin when Baekje broke Humméng’s promise in 627. The negative perception of Baekje by the Tang Dynasty is believed to be related to the deterioration of relations between the two countries since the 640s, and this is why the conflict between the Three Kingdoms and Humméng in the mid 620s should be noted.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.