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A Study on Red Ginseng Policy and Exportduring the Gabo[甲午] Reform

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2023, (150), pp.51-86
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : May 15, 2023
  • Accepted : June 5, 2023
  • Published : June 30, 2023

Yang Jeong Pil 1

1제주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

With the Gabo Reform, red ginseng policy and trade had undergone major changes. The method of exporting red ginseng through land routes, which was handled by the Yukkwan[譯官], was converted to a method in which civilians manufactured and exported red ginseng by sea route. This can be said to be a transition from a traditional method to a modern method. However, reflecting the specificity of red ginseng, which had a great contribution to finance, Takji entrusted the manufacture and export of red ginseng to civilians, but intervened by receiving Munbing[文憑] at each stage. It also imposed a high red ginseng tax. This was intended to maintain the financial contribution of red ginseng. In addition, human continuity is also noted, and even during the Gabo Reform, there were many Yukkwans[譯官] and Kaesong people who led the manufacture and export of red ginseng. They had been engaged in related fields for a long time. As such, even if there was a policy change, they could take advantage of their experience. This was an important factor in the relatively successful manufacture and export of red ginseng during the Gabo Reform. Finally, compared to the imperial policy that implemented the resale system since 1899, it is particularly noteworthy that Koreans had entrusted red ginseng exports. The imperial family commissioned the sale of red ginseng to foreigners from 1900. Once the right to sell red ginseng was handed over to foreigners, it was impossible for Koreans to export red ginseng until liberation.

Citation status

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