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Religion in the Era of Globalization : The Potential of Confucian Protestantism of Korea

  • Journal of Korean Hyo Studies
  • 2009, (9), pp.1-29
  • Publisher : The Korean Hyo Studies Association
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities

Chae, Byung Kwan 1

1Temple University

Candidate

ABSTRACT

People acknowledge that globalization is an ongoing process and a universal phenomenon in the economic system. Some considered that homogeneity is also a characteristic of religion in the era of globalization as “Mcdonaldization” in the economic field, and that religion will only stick to fundamentalism to keep its religious orthodoxy. However, globalization provides religion with much more vitality. That is, one can observe more diverse phenomena in the field of religion, different from that which occur red In the case of the economic system that has resulted from globalization. Complex globalization can accelerate “glocalization” and the emergence of hybridity. In this essay, thus, I look into the relationship between globalization and religion and the influence of globalization on religion specifically. In addition, I shed light on Korean Protestantism as Confucian Protestantism, and I deal with it as a case in which a religious outcome was influenced by globalization. I think that Confucian Protestantism is one of the examples of glocalization and hybridty. This essay asserts that unlike the field of economics, one can observe more diverse and widespread phenomena in the field of religion in the era of globalization.

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