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King Dan-Jong’s filial piety policy and a movement of filial piety and patriotism in Yeongwol, Gangwon

  • Journal of Korean Hyo Studies
  • 2015, (21), pp.1-33
  • Publisher : The Korean Hyo Studies Association
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities

Duk-kyun Kim 1

1성산효대학원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Filial piety and patriotism was an ideological backbone of the Chosun Dynasty. Love and respect in a family, which are the key aspects of filial piety, is directly linked to patriotism in a national level. This patriotism became the key component to maintain order in the nation. In some cases, one even sacrificed his/her own life to conduct filial piety and/or to have patriotism for his/her parents and/or the country, respectively. King Dan-Jong has been known to be one of the most unfortunate kings in Chosun Dynasty. His uncle forced him to abdicate, and took his place as King Se-Jo, and exiled Dang-Jong to Yeongwol, Gangwon. King Dan-Jong was later murdered and buried in Yeongwol. Many Korean people these days acknowledge Yeongwol with King Dan-Jong’s sad story. Dan-Jong lost his father, King Mun-Jong, when he was only 12 years old and became the sixth king of the Chosun Dynasty. Therefore, he spent very little time with his father and missed him a lot. His filial piety policy reflected his feelings about his father. During his rule of the country, he rewarded many people who conducted filial piety, although he only ruled the country for 3 years. Yeongwol also contains a nationally known place, called Gossi Cave. During Japanese rule, Go brothers and their families fought against the Japanese army and took refuge in this cave. These two unrelated stories have caused Yeongwol to be known asa county of filial piety and patriotism. This county even holds festivals on filial piety and patriotism. The present study discussed the historical and ideological characteristics of Yeongwol that caused this county to become a famous place for filial piety and patriotism.

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