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A philosophical approach to a criticism of <Patrilocality Songs> - With Intermediation of Filial piety and Ethics -

  • Journal of Korean Hyo Studies
  • 2016, (23), pp.1-27
  • Publisher : The Korean Hyo Studies Association
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Published : June 30, 2016

Kang,Dong-wan 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

I might say that this article attempted conversion to new viewpoints to the things which have been implicitly agreed upon or repeated as I reflectively consider them. As we all know, there are lots of problems involved in the thematic consciousness which have been consistently claimed by patrilocality songs and literary values and status which have been hoped to be granted therefrom. Therefore, the methodological introspection through a certain critical mind is indispensible whether it is from any specific viewpoint or higher one. As a part of such efforts, I was looking for the factors generating biased evaluation in the existing value evaluation from the ethical attitude in External shape of the spirit of filial piety of the doers, and thus I sought methodological exploration focusing on such factors. It has been known that the consistent evaluation in the past defined most instances of daily difficulties faced by daughters-in-law, who were the principal players of patrilocality, as suppressed life and implicitly advocated their lamenting of misfortune and desperate condemnation resulting from missing of such principal life. This can be pointed out as the issues overlooked in past as filial piety or ethical attitudes or responsibilities were not investigated and examined. The characteristics of oral literature and genre represented by <Sijp Sari Norae>, the extremely popular and realistic characteristics, are significant elements in the recognition process. However, it is necessary to discuss how much of probable justification can be secured before discussing the genre based premise for it is a sensitive issue in relation to literary criticism. Therefore, for the purpose of denouncing the unethical sense and attitude of daughters-in-law, the narrators in the stories, with such a critical mind, I investigated by raising the concept of ‘ethical virtue’ of Aristotle, moderation which the extension and ground of such concept, and the problem of lacking self-control opposing thereto. That could be defined through the virtueless life of the doers who did not choose the good side of personality, the base of ethical virtue by losing their capability of exercising rational discretion and deviation from moderation which internally defines the optimal states in human relations. I also contributed to introspection of the filial piety and ethical senses of the doers by complementing the concepts of the said ethical virtues and moderation through discussion in relation to the problems of self-control and lacking of self-control and attribution of ethical responsibilities derived therefrom. In the result, the interpretation and ascription of meaning which had to be somewhat blind to what has been agreed in the past need following reconsideration. Just lamenting over patrilocality of daughters-in-law lacking ethical responsibilities and limitation or filial piety and ethical sense of community resulting from difficulties in patrilocality, not any grudge or resignation against patrilocality or despair caused by hardship, may belong thereto, and this may be the introspective conclusion at the ethical level.

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