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Sima Qian's Historical Cognition and Philosophic Thinking

  • 인문논총
  • 2009, 23(), pp.55-79
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities

fang haofan 1

1중국 연변대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This thesis follows the Records of the Grand Historian and analyzes historical cognition and philosophic thinking of Sima Qian who's the famous ancient Chinese historian. There are 25 official histories in Chinese historiography. The Records of the Grand Historian is the only one that the system is tremendous and profound. Because of its unique writing style, it is always concerned by Chinese scholars so far. The Records of the Grand Historian reflects the historical cognition and philosophic thinkingof Sima Qian. It concludes following aspects: Ⅰ. The thought of historical variation. It's the main idea in his historical cognition. It means that temporal changes incessantly. He inherited materialism from Early Qing and opposed that the way of heaven interfered personnel. Especially, the core concept of "窮天人之際" , by searching the way of heaven andpersonnel to find the basic reason of history development. II. The thought of great unification. The Records of the Grand Historian is the first history presented in a series of biographies in Chinese ancient history. He thought that the minority history is one part of Chinese history. Mainly, the positions of minority and others are equal. III. The policy of engage in trade. He agreed this policy. He thought that the desire is the motion to create wealth. We should encourage people who want to be rich. Wealth is the basic of social development and living. Meanwhile, he advocates that both personal loyalty and benefit are important. IV. Philosophy of Humanity. It's the core concept of Confucianism. Sima Qian inherited the thought from Early Qing critically. He made abstract Philosophy of Humanity material. Finally, he transferred it into practical thought of philosophy. Because of his efforts, Chinese philosophy has made a great stride. And it has significance to carry out the policy that runs the country with morality.

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