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A Study on the China's Land Reform Experience before Reform and Open Policy: Focused on the Rural Land Ownership

  • 인문논총
  • 2010, 25(), pp.237-264
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities

박인성 1

1중국 절강대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Before reform and open policy, China’s land reform experience could be divided 3 parts on the view of the policy changing base of Chinese communist party. The first period(1921-1949), from establishing Chinese Communist Party to foundation of P.R.C, propelled Land Revolution as a revolution strategy aims to secure support and participation of rural crowd. The second period(1949-1953), propelled Land Reform, that confiscate the landowner's and rich farmer's land and equally redistributed in the frame of continuing the existence of private land ownership over the whole country. And the third period(1953-1983), propelled collective and public ownership by establishing and managing Agricultural Collaboration Community and Peoples Comune. This study analyzed each process and the main issues on the point of the land ownership relation, and in the conclusion, synthesize the land policy implication for general aspects and for the aspects of unification process between South and North Korea.

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