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Research on the Sacredness in Ritual-for-Rain Folktale

  • 인문논총
  • 2013, 31(), pp.85-106
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Published : June 30, 2013

Seong Mi Noh 1

1경남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This research pays attention to the antagonistic phenomenon of polluting and recovering the divinity appeared in ritual actions for rain, and analyzes from a mythological standpoint. The ritual place for rain is the top of mountains, rocks, ponds, cities, caves etc. where is recognized as divinity. Polluting the divinity is that the subject group make the ritual place for rain dirty with the blood of animal against drought. Pollution is recognized by the Godhead and it is believed that the Godhead makes to rain in order to recover the polluted divinity. Recovering the divinity is to move the Godhead through digging the grave. The group seeks for the cause of drought from the pollution of the ritual place and digging grave is recognized as recovery of the polluted divinity. The individual desires to polluting the divinity are confronted with a collective desire to recover the divinity. The public interests is superior to the moral attitude for the corpse. The antagonistic actions in ritual-for-rain narrative gives the intense faith for rainfall effects. These reflect the suffering of the population due to drought. The description structure of ‘drought- polluting with blood’ or ‘rainfall-digging graves’ follows that of ‘death and rebirth’ in myth. The blood and corpse is the symbol of death, the actions of washing and digging is that of new birth. The ability of the Godhead is recovered by the new birth and a collective desire can be achieved through that. The collective action for rainfall is the reproduction of the mythical birth.

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