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2005, Vol.11, No.3

  • 1.

    A Study on the Differences in Performances by Hospital Management Systems and the Architectural Meanings

    Choi, Kwangseok | 2005, 11(3) | pp.7~18 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performances of 5 hospitals which have some different management systems and how are the differences in performance and what do they mean in aspects of architectural planning, if they exist. All of hospitals are located in M city, Jeonnam Province. Data sources are each hospital's patient-statistics and profit & loss statements. Management systems of surveyed hospitals consist in 2 inpatient-based, 1 outpatient-focused and 2 hospitals, not showing any characteristics. Time ranges for survey are 5 years from 1999 through 2003.
  • 2.

    A Study of the Spatial Composition and Departmental Area Distribution in Geriatric Hospital

    HYUNJIN LEE , PARK, JAE SEUNG | 2005, 11(3) | pp.19~30 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    As the population of the elderly increases drastically year by year in Korea, the more welfare centers for them are greatly needed. There are, however, a small number of public geriatric hospitals currently available. And a limited number of private-founded geriatric centers are under construction throughout the country. And the systematic standards for the spacial composition and departmental area distribution for them are not satisfactorily set up yet.The analytical study of the space composition and area distribution of the hospitals in question shows that publicly-shared spaces, such as day-room and lobby, are much more useful for their communications than private spaces, such as shut-in living rooms. It also shows that in-yards or in-gardens which are located in the center of the wards are very helpful for their comfortable long-term hospitalization. The shared spaces are recommended to be in sight of and within earshot of their caretakers. In relation with out-patient departments, the programs for the local elderly residents, such as the day-care center and recreation facilities are recommended to be prepared for their physical care and emotional treatment at a time by municipal welfare centers rather than by private institutions. The analytic study carried out in terms of departmental area distributions reveals that the areas for the wards are generally wider and areas for out-patient/or diagnosis departments are relatively narrower than those in the general hospitals. These area distributions seem to have come from the considerations of their relatively long-term staying in the centers than general hospitals and their mental stability as well.
  • 3.

    A Comparative Study on the Patient Behavior of Corridor Space on the Ward in General Hospital in Korea

    Lee Hongshik , Yang, Nae-won , 김상복 | 2005, 11(3) | pp.31~40 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    The conventional corridor space was a functional space simply linking the rooms and facilitating the circulations in a hospital. Today, however, they are no longer the spaces for simple circulation. Now, they are changing into healing spaces. Healing space must have some spatial characteristics helpful to curing the patients, and therefore, such a space should be designed to encourage patients to have diverse experiences and behaviors in terms of psychological stability, rehabilitation and personal communication.With such basic conceptions in mind, this study was aimed at surveying and analyzing patients' behaviors of using the corridor spaces for general hospital wards. To this end, middle corridors and patio-type side corridors for general hospital wards in Korea were sampled. It was found through this study that various healing behaviors shown in the conventional middle corridors were witnessed in the patio-type side corridors. On the other hand, behavioral characteristics of each area were analyzed to determine the factors encouraging patients to be cured, and thereupon, some design points for the corridor spaces of general hospital wards were suggested to help their users quick recovering.
  • 4.

    A Study on Convenience Facilities of the Physically Disabled in the Public Buildings

    Changsun Park | 2005, 11(3) | pp.41~50 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analysis of convenience facilities for disabled in the municipal buildings. The physically disabled based on comparative analysis of disabilities code in Korea. For this objective, the code and guideline were analysed, and based on the analysis the checklist was developed for field observation. Convenience facilities ought to consider various aspects like size, and spatial composition of facilities, safety factors. and the present conveniences facility regulation. The research was conducted for municipal buildings located in Jeonbuk province. The procedures for research was made to investigate the finding of architectural related code and faculty standards. The results of investigation should be complemented and clarified guidelines in terms of accessibility and convenience which in detail. If the disabled would be convenient to use municipal buildings facilities, there should be no difficulties. As a result, convenience facilities for disabled in the municipal buildings has been improved that the design concept for the disabled person in general architectural planning.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Architectural Planning of Medical Part for Multipurpose Senior Center

    조태희 , PARK, JAE SEUNG | 2005, 11(3) | pp.51~60 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Because of the rapid increase of the number of elderly people, there are many problem in modern society. Especially the support of elderly people is becoming the hot issue, which results from a nuclear family and social activity of woman. The Policy of community care of the elderly people in western is caused by a heavy cost and isolation from the society of a facility care policy. Since 1980, Concept of 'home care for elderly people' has been appeared in korea. The Facility causing by these movement is 'Multipurpose senior center'. The purpose of this study is to present the alternative data to improve the quality of medical and rehabilitation part in multipurpose senior center . Data collecting skills such as drawing documents analysis, interviews, observation were used to examine the condition of medical and rehabilitation. And, case study method was used to generate the alternative medel which can be used for the spatial composition and the area calculation.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Northeast Asia Healthcare Network Plan and Modern Healthcare Planning Trends in Korea, China, Japan & the United States

    Choi, Kwangseok | 2005, 11(3) | pp.61~74 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, Korea is becoming a world-leading country in various industrial fields with it's advanced information technology. In the 20th century, Korea went through a chaotic period from Japanese colonization via the Korean war to IMF because of lack of globalization. Now, we have a mission and the abilities to lead world-wide trends in entire fields of society.This study, comparing the modern healthcare planning trends in Korea, China, Japan and the United States, proposes the Northeast Asia Healthcare Network Plan which Korea leads. United States is the starter of healthcare network, but it's location is too far from Asia and IT is also inferior to the Korean. Japan seems to have no concerns with this healthcare network. And the current China is a rapid growing period and is too much for building its domestic healthcare infra-structure. they still have no concerns with re-structuring of healthcare system and facilities. Because of these reasons, I think Korea should have to lead Northeast Asia Healthcare network.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Characteristics and the Types of Encirclement Space applied to the Women's Hospital in the City

    김규성 | 2005, 11(3) | pp.75~86 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Recently the number of women’s hospitals of a small scale are increasing in seoul and the other cities although the surroundings of these sites are so inferior. Those hospitals need the space of comfort as like family home. This study suggests that the encirclement space is one of the design methods to make comfort to patients. The encirclement is the form of hugging a baby to a mother’s arms. Analysing six woman hospitals, encirclement space is categorized about the six types of square, open square, right-angled, linear, dispersed, etc. The characteristics of “right-angled” is featured as the form of L, and “square” type is characterized as the relationship of functional circulation among doctors, nurses and patients. And all types are organized as the relationship between the encirclement space and the enclosed space about how the functional space and the comfort space are made up. The properties of encirclement space are appeared by the interactions about function, circulation, sight, form, access, recognition through transparent, three-dimensional experience, etc. Encirclement space is recommended as a vital factor to make comfort space for designing women's hospital in city.
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