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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2023, Vol.29, No.3

  • 1.

    A Study on the Architectural Planning of the Refuge Areas in Geriatric Hospitals Considering Horizontal Evacuation of the Elderly

    Kim, Mijung , Kweon, Jihoon | 2023, 29(3) | pp.7~15 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study was conducted with the aim of presenting spatial planning directions for evacuation spaces based on an analysis of the performance of horizontal evacuation during the early stages of fire incidents in a geriatric hospital. Methods: Based on a review of previous studies, the research model was designed by establishing occupancy conditions, evacuation, and fire scenarios. The analysis model was developed by considering vulnerable areas in terms of evacuation movement and analyzing the results of evacuation performance. Furthermore, the study analyzed the improvement in evacuation performance by arranging refuge areas. Results: The results of the study are as follows. Firstly, vulnerability spots were identified in terms of evacuation performance by schematizing Required Safe Egress Time, Available Safe Egress Time, and their differences. Secondly, the Required Safe Egress Time in the adjacent public spaces along the escape routes of occupants was found to be higher compared to the Available Safe Egress Time. Thirdly, the results of the correlation analysis between the difference in Available Safe Egress Time and Required Safe Egress Time during the early stages of a fire, as well as their constituent factors, demonstrated that user congestion is a more significant factor in compromising evacuation safety than the physical changes in the fire condition. Fourthly, the analysis of evacuation time was conducted by designating refuge areas where occupants can evacuate within a sufficient timeframe. This led to a decrease in the Required Safe Egress Time. Implications: This study is expected to be used as data on the direction of evacuation space planning to improve the evacuation performance of Geriatric Hospital.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Zoning of Wards and Intensive Care Units (ICUs) in the Infectious Disease Hospital

    Lee, Joorang , Chai, Choul Gyun | 2023, 29(3) | pp.17~28 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study aims to provide basic data for the future construction plans of the Infectious Disease Hospitals by analyzing the area composition and required room ratios in the wards and ICU of currently under-construction infectious disease hospitals. Methods: 3 Methods have been used in this paper. 1) This study conducted a literature review on major considerations and related guidelines for hospitals specializing in infectious diseases using existing data. 2) Based on the objects and activities of the hospital space, zones and areas were set for each department according to infection control. 3) Based on the established zones and areas, basic plan drawings of three hospitals specializing in infectious diseases currently under construction were collected and architectural drawing analysis was performed. Results: 1) Infectious Diseases Hospital must have a spatial organization that can accommodate patient isolation, infection control, efficiency of medical service, and changes. 2) Zones for infection control are divided into negative pressure and non-negative pressure zones based on airborne precaution isolation. It is divided into clean and contaminated zone according to class of cleanliness by Aseptic technique. Areas are classified by objects (patients, healthcare workers, supplies) and activities (access, medical treatment, support), and a system for organizing space is established based on this. 3) By analyzing the area composition of each departmental area, each required room, and each required space in the wards and intensive care units, it provides basic data for the spatial organization for architectural planning of the infectious disease hospital. Implication: It can be used as basic data when planning related facilities by analyzing the characteristics of the space plan of the required room according to the relationship between activities, movement lines, and operation plans based on user behavior.
  • 3.

    Effect of LED Light Color on Mid Beta Wave Activities of QEEG in Learning State

    Lee, Ho Sung | 2023, 29(3) | pp.29~36 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find out whether the color change of the LED light source has a significant effect on the beta wave activity of EEG in the learning state. Methods: The subjects of the experiment were 20 male and female college students between the ages of 19 and 25 who routinely perform their studies. In the created learning environment, the EEG change according to the change in the lighting color was measured while solving the Mensa thinking ability problem while sitting on a desk with LED lights installed on the top and a chair with a footrest to stabilize the legs. The light source consisted of 3 ready-made colors and 6 newly created colors. A total of 9 color light stimuli were given for 2 minutes each, and the EEG change of the subject was observed. After the experiment, the correlation was analyzed based on the mid-beta wave data recorded on the QEEG according to the color change of light and the Mensa problem score. Results: It was found that the activation of mid-beta waves was stimulated in the temporal lobes (T5, T3, T6, T4) and occipital lobes (O1, O2) of all subjects who focused on solving Mensa thinking problems. As a result of comparing the top 20% and the bottom 20% of problem solving scores, the upper group had no effect of lighting, while the lower group showed increased beta wave activity in response to color light stimulation in the order of T4, T6, and T5. Implications: It was confirmed that the color of light that activates the middle beta wave varies greatly depending on the subject's attention and learning ability, and it is judged that the color of light including the green wavelength is helpful in activating the middle beta wave in the group with low learning ability.
  • 4.

    Space planning about Personal Protective Equipment(PPE) Doffing Area to reduce cross-infection among healthcare workers

    Park, Doeun , HYUNJIN LEE , Kwon, Soon-Jung | 2023, 29(3) | pp.37~44 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: To decrease cross-infection, it's essential to analyze the spatial composition of the 'PPE doffing area'. Instead of solely relying on manpower standards, we should focus on responding to infectious diseases within the context of space planning. By doing so, we can lower the risk for healthcare workers‘ infection and ensure a level of safety in various environmental changes or new manpower input situations. Methods: This analysis is conducted specifically for facilities with negative pressure isolation wards. Additionally, interview surveys to obtain feedback from healthcare workers and incorporate their expertise into the design of the 'PPE doffing area' have been carried. Results: In a PPE doffing area, the standard spaces include a PPE doffing room, a shower room, and a clothing room. Depending on the facility environment or the level of infectious diseases, a Decontamination room or Anteroom can be optionally added. Healthcare workers who remove their PPE in the PPE doffing room should avoid re-entering the Negative pressure room. The shower room is often underutilized. When planning for a future PPE doffing area, an aisle space or passageway must be included even if a shower room is planned. Implications: This study examined the space used by healthcare workers rather than patients, with a focus on infection prevention through architectural planning rather than individual efforts. However, the investigation was limited to facilities that have been converted from general wards to negative pressure isolation wards, so it cannot be generalized to all infectious disease facilities.
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