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Construction of the Goryeo Grand Fortress(長城) in the Northern Realm(Bukgye,北界), and the Establishment of Jujin(州鎭) Units

KyeongJin Yoon 1

1경상대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this article, how the Grand Fortress(長城) was created in the Bukgye region of the Goryeo in its early days, what was the background of such foundation, and what regions the fortress actually passed through, will be examined. Also some parts of the known history of certain Jujin(州鎭) regions related to the Grand Fortress, will be rectified as well. At the end of King Hyeonjong's reign, the Goryeo Government established some new Jujin unitsin a concentrated fashion at the border region, in response to the Khitan threat and certain fluctuations that were happening. Also, existing Jujin units were reinforced, and thus a defense line along theYalu River was established. The Grand Fortress was created based upon this defense line in the early days of King Deokjong's reign. It covered the region between areas like Inju(麟州)at the mouth of theYalu River, and Sakju(朔州). In the early days of King Jeongjong(靖宗)'s reign, additional sections were added to the fortressin its eastern end, and as a result the Jujin units which had been established with a distance from the fortress were connected to it as well. The Fortress' new east end was Cheongsae-jin(淸塞鎭). Later, more Jujin units were established between the Bukgye and Donggye regions(the Northern and Eastern Realms) and the Fortress grew even longer. We can see that the Bukgye Grand Fortress was create throughout three different time periods. Yeongsak-jin(寧朔鎭), which was recorded as a region the Fortress passed through, was only added in later periods(追記),and itis highly possible that the Fortress did not pass through areas like Ansu-jin(安水鎭) and Maengju(孟州). They should have been replaced by Yeonju(延州) and Changju(昌州).

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.