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The expansion to northern region and the dispatch of Jindu during the reigns King Taejo in Goryeo Dynasty.

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1숙명여자대학교

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ABSTRACT

In this article, I studied Jindu(鎭頭) that dispatched for the going-north policy of King Taejo and stable performance of the process. It accessed truth of Jindu through analys is about dispatched time, region, character. After establish the Goryeo Dynasty, King Taejo suggested various policy for set up the foundation of a nation. He built a castle for systematical management at new domain, next he moved the people to the new domain and made an effort for stabile settlement. Also King Taejo decided the capital, after defended the capital Gaekyeong(開京) through base of defense Seokyeong(西京). It built a castle at Seokyeong and Anbukbu(安北府), build a castle and install a campon a fringe of the axis. At the same time, he regarded northern region as the last bastion at the war with Hubaekje(後百濟) so he tried for secure territory and the people. The people became material resources and human resources for the expansion to northern region. Jindu took charge of a series of works for the expansion to northern region, that is defense of the military and stable management of the new domain. We can understand feature of Jindu through dispatched time, region, character. The Jindu was intensively sent to defense at between the King Taejo's own reign year of 9 to18. The Balhae(渤海) was destroyed in 926, the King Taejo's own reign 9 year and the Goryeo Dynasty unified Later Three Kingdoms in 935, the King Taejo's own reign 18 year. It is immediately related to goal of expansion to northern region. In other words the going-north policy of King Taejo advanced by coupling device that 1'st royal tour, 2nd build a castle and install a camp,3rd dispatch Jindu. The dispatched of Jindu was limited to south of the Cheongcheon River, it also was apart of stable management of the new domain. There was an army base, not only connected between Gaekyeong and Seokyeong but also expanded into north of the Cheongcheon River. The Jindu was generally dispatched to Wonyoon(元尹), government official Gwangye(官階). They was a powerful clan or their relative, the King Taejo was conferred on them who surrendered or cooperated to the Goryeo Dynasty. The King Taejo ordered for defense of the military and stable management of the new domain to Jindu. As a result, the Jindu was the beginning of the local government official dispatched to Yanggye(兩界) area.

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* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.