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USArmsTransferPolicies'ApplicationofKorea -EquipmentTransferbasedonCarter'sWithdrawalPlanof USForcesinKorea(1977∼1978)-

UM JUNGSIK 1

1공군사관학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

President Carter had moralconvictions thatarms transfer should be restrained forworld peace.Asa result,CarterAdministration established arms transferrestraintpolicies,so ithard to avoid a conflictwith the RepublicofKorea(ROK)asan alliance.Moreover,armstransferrestraint policiescould beclashed with withdrawalplan oftheUnited States(US)Forces in Korea which was parts ofpolicy toward the ROK.Ifso,how could CarterAdministration apply arms transferrestraintpolicies to the ROK intheconflictbetween theROK andwithdrawalplan ofUSForcesin Korea.Didn’tCarterAdministrationapplyarmstransferrestraintpoliciesto theROK? Ordid CarterAdministration restrain equipmenttransfertoward theROK?Thisarticleanalyzed thesequestionsbasedon recentfirst-hand documentsthatIhadcollectedthroughfieldworksintheUS. Asa result,CarterAdministration’sequipmenttransfertoward theROK was nota naturalcomplementary measure butan application ofarms transfer restraint policies as a global policy of Carter Administration. Concretely, Carter Administration emphasized arms transfer restraint policiesforgiving equipmenttransferto theROK and forrestraining the ROK’soffensiveabilityandregionalarmsracesduringreceiptthesanction ofcongress.Although Park Jung-hee Administration had a dissatisfaction with PD-13 butdid notwantto clash with the US because they had acceptedwith apriorityofmilitaryassistancetowardtheROK.Application of arms transfer restraint policies for equipment transfer to the ROK showed thatPresidentCarter’s moralprinciple had been realized atthe part of policies toward the ROK until 1978. At the same time, this phenomenon showedthatrestrainingKorean Peninsula’sarmsraceswould correspond with Congress’interests.There is significance ofanalyzing a linkage which had been notfocused atthe study ofCold Warbetween globalstrategiesandpoliciestowardtheROK inthisarticle.

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