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The Study and analysis on the management and change for 'Eoyeongcheong' from the Financial perspective between the 17th century and the first half of the 18th century

song-ki-jung 1

1충남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Eoyeongcheong was one of the five military components, which carried out special duties such as king’s guard, royal guard of king’s honored going at a royal tomb, and defense of a castle of the royal town, etc. Up to now, the existing researches have put their focus on interpretation of Eoyeongcheong management in the midst of political changes, or have a focused look at the management method of Eoyeongcheong. However, the existing researches have partially commented on the financial problem which was a core of a military camp. Hereupon, this paper is intending to put its focus on the financial matter of Eoyeongcheong. The finance of Eoyeongcheong initially relied on Hojo(as one of the six ministries which was called 'Yukjo', it was in charge of household survey & control, tribute and taxes, food, goods, and economy.). However, with the size of military camps becoming bigger, the burden of Hojo was increasing. Accordingly, during the ruling of King Hyojong, the finance of Eoyeongcheong was secured as it was equipped with annual size level of military camps. Such a management situation of Eoyeongcheong was arranged by Eoyeongcheong gusikrye(a book about the foundation history of Eoyeongcheong, and Eoyeongcheong-related various regulations and present conditions, etc.). According to these materials, revenues of Eoyeongcheong were divided into the ones from Boin(an economic supporter affiliated with regular military service), and the ones from Dunjeon(land appropriated for military provisions). In addition, the expenditures of Eoyeongcheong were executed on the use of wages for Hyanggun(local military soldiers)and officers and upward level, and rewards for meritorious persons. Afterwards, the finance of Eoyeongcheong became sufficient on the strength of the increase in the number of Boin, and reduction in local military soldiers who were dispatched to Seoul by the work shift system, etc. Consequently, the government expended the fiance of Eoyeongcheong for another financial use, and reduced the financial resources through public labor assessment as well as took measures to seek substantiality of the military forces.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.