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Investigation and contents for Ulleungdo of Russian military transport ship Yakut in 1903

  • military history
  • 2018, (109), pp.1-32
  • DOI : 10.29212/mh.2018..109.1
  • Publisher : Military History Institute, MND
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : August 1, 2018
  • Accepted : November 19, 2018
  • Published : December 15, 2018

KIM, YOUNG-SOO 1

1동북아역사재단

Accredited

ABSTRACT

A Russian military transport ship called Yakut (Якут), led by Captain Kartsev(В.А. Карцев), departed from Vladivostok on August 31, 1903, arrived on Ulleungdo on September 2, landed on Namyangpo in Ulleungdo on September 3. And departed immediately after his interview with Shim Heung-taek in Dodong on September 10. Two Russian officers, one interpreter and 16 Marines were interviewed by Shim Heung Taek. The interpreter was Lebedev (Е. Лебедев), and the military surgeon was Mekuchev(В.А. Меркушев). The Russian explorer refused to help the Japanese on Ulleungdo and tried not to have any relationship. In the process, Lebedev vividly witnessed the extreme confrontation between Koreans living in Ulleungdo and Japanese. According to Lebedev, the Japanese did not have a bullet and could not face the Koreans. When the Japanese passed through the house of the Koreans, they turned their heads to the other side without facing the Koreans. The conflict and confrontation between Koreans living in Ulleungdo and Japanese people were serious. The Russian exploration of Ulleungdo was conducted not only to expand economic interests in Russia but also to prepare for possible future war with Japan. Russian Navy Admiral Alekseyev (Е.И. Алексеев) already paid attention to Ulleungdo as a strategic base on the east coast, examining major ports in Korea in January 1896. Moreover, Alekseyev presented the military strategy for the Russo-Japanese War on September 20, 1903. If Japan lands at Jemulpo or the Yalu River, it will open an open military demonstration against the coastal fighters. The Russian Navy prepared a strategy for Japan to land in Korea through the East Sea, recognizing the value of Ulleungdo as an important maritime base in Russia from the East Sea.

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