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A Study on the Characteristics of Military Policy and Military Operations The Marshal Headquarters in The Great Han Empire Prior to the Russo-Japanese War

  • military history
  • 2018, (109), pp.33-80
  • DOI : 10.29212/mh.2018..109.33
  • Publisher : Military History Institute, MND
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : October 8, 2018
  • Accepted : November 19, 2018
  • Published : December 15, 2018

MoonJunho 1

1육군3사관학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Since its establishment, The Marshal Headquarters that directed the military affairs had to respond to the realized foreign threats. Because both Russia and Japan that wanted to occupy the impact on the Korean Peninsula continued arms race. Meanwhile, the turmoil in the border areas became frequent in accordance with the spread of the Boxer Rebellion(義和團事件), and as the eight countries allied forces became visualized, The Great Han Empire regularized ‘the military superiority police’ through the revision of 「Marshal Headquarters’ system」 and the expansion of armaments. The Great Han Empire hereby became to set government centering on the military operations institutionally. Due to the outbreak of war to suppress the boxers, the large-scale invasion of the Qing bandit(淸匪) and the overall problems followed by the influx of refugees. On this, Marshal Headquarters reinforced the military guard troops extensively in the border areas and realized ‘the linear defense’ which was arranged circumspectly by troops. Through this, the Qing bandit, that is a mediatory factor, was able to be repelled and the intervention of foreign forces blocked. Meanwhile, internal turmoil had to be suppressed and the power of the central government had to be shown abroad since Russia and Japan were navigating the intervention cause in various ways. Therefore, local appeasement was made in the form of the stationed troops on the key points and putting the military troops on the area where the situation took place. In this regard, the foreign protection, which could be extended to foreign affairs, was an important issue. In addition to this, Marshal Headquarters tried to achieve stability in the region where the troop was dispatched through the military inspection and made an effort to establish fundamental principles and improve morale of the military such as the realization of institutional care for the fallen soldiers.

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