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Preparation for the 4th Campaign of the 8th Division of the North Korean Army and the Battle of Surisan-Masan

Park Huiseong 1

1고려대학교 역사연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Among the various methods of studying the Korean War, the study of the North Korean Army is essential. However, research is also difficult because of the difficulty in obtaining data. In the meantime, official publications have described the North Korean army's operations, but there were many deficiencies. Therefore, examining the details of the North Korean army is the basis of research and is also the direction to move forward. In this paper, the 8th Division of the North Korean Army was identified. The 8th Division was expanded in July 1950, and after that, it was a major division that participated in major battles such as Andong and Sinnyeong. And even after the retreat, delaying battles were held in the Cheongcheongang area. The 8th Division was reorganized in Chosan. Although there was a lack of equipment and firearms, the number of troops was almost completed, and short-term education and training increased combat power. After the reorganization, the 8th Division began marching southward in December 1950 for the second attack, and arrived south of the Han River in early January 1951. During the march, they ought in Pyongyang, Haeju, and Yeonan, and civil actions were also conducted against the residents. And in late January and early February 1951, they fought UN forces together with Chinese forces in Mt. Surisan and Mt. Masan. Such detailed basic research on units below the divisional level of the North Korean Army will help to uncover the way the North Korean Army conducted war one by one at the time, and research on the Korean War will become more substantial.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.