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A study on consonantal changes in modern chinese -focus on the assimilations

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2007, (39), pp.55-76
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities

이성숙 1

1성균관대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this paper is to reexamine the main phonological changes of consonants in Modern Chinese. There are four major consonantal changes in Modern Chinese, namely assimilation(同化,) dissimilation(異化), weakening(弱化) and adding(添加). The assimilations in Modern Chinese can be divided into two subcategories, which we call them progressive assimilation (順行同化) and regressive assimilation (逆行同化). The regressive assimilation can then be divided again into total assimilation (完全同化) and partial assimilation(部分同化). In the case of total assimilation, the last consonant of first syllable totally changed into a consonant which same as the initial of the second syllable. Meanwhile, in partial assimilation, the last consonant of first syllable only changed into a consonant which has similar place of articulation with the initial of the second syllable. Besides, this paper also touched on some problems of the 'zero-initial'(零聲母)in Modern Chinese.

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