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The Role of Bak Bok-yeong in the Amtae-do Tenant Farmers’ Strike and His External Activities in the 1920s

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2023, (90), pp.131-168
  • DOI : 10.31310/HUM.090.05
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : July 12, 2023
  • Accepted : August 10, 2023
  • Published : August 31, 2023

Choi, Sung-Hwan 1

1목포대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Amtae-do (巖泰島) Tenant Farmers’ Strike is one of the major peasant movements during the Japanese colonial period. This article focuses on the activities of Bak Bok-yeong (朴福永), the leader of the Amtae-do Tenant Farmers’ Strike, and examines his specific role and external activities. Bak Bok-yeong's Christian faith and experience of participating in the Mokpo Independence Movement, his specific role in the Amtae-do Tenant Farmers’ Strike, and subsequent support for the island’s tenancy dispute and external activities have been analyzed. Bak Bok-yeong expanded his personal network based on his Christian faith. He became involved in the independence movement in the Mokpo region in 1919 as a result of his ac tivities f or a s ec ret soc iety c alled ‘Ilsimhoe ( 一心會)’. After serving his sentence in prison in around 1923, he launched a social movement, starting with his career of serving as the youth chairman in his hometown of Amtae-do. In the process, he actively supported the Amtae-do Tenant Farmers Association. This study has revealed that Bak Bok-yeong played a very important role in the overall process of the dispute from the foundation of the tenant farmers association. The influence of Bak Bok-yeong was also great in the course of tenant farmers’ strikes in the nearby islands of Docho-do and Jaeun-do. He was involved in not only the group activities in Amtae-do, but was also active in external activities. Based on various youth bodies and farmers' organizations, they engaged in activities to connect the island and the inland regions.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.