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Transformation of Citizen Sector and Corporation Systems in China, Japan and South Korea

Hiroki Miura 1

1경희대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

China, Korea, and Japan have actively implemented institutional reform of non-profit sector since the late 1990th. At the same time, they have introduced or re-arranged a various form of cross-sectoral organizations such as social enterprises, cooperatives, local community organizations. This paper discusses how the traditional non-profit sector has been transformed as a result of the aforementioned multi-dimensional institutional reforms in the three countries. Through the comparative and comprehensive analysis of the relevant institutions, this paper points out several important characteristics concerning the overall non-profit corporation system, the administrative procedures for establishing corporations, the institutional design for the non-profit and for-profit boundary and the governmental and non-governmental boundary. While the three countries have commonly expanded the realm of non-profit sector by introducing various hybrid organizations since the 1990th, they have developed different institutional devices in regard to the respective cross-sectoral boundaries.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.