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The Correlation Between Petroleum and GPR(Global Posture Review) during J. W. Bush Administration

Kim, Songjuk 1 Yu-Na Choi 2

1인천대학교
2University of Warwick

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article has been analyzed the correlational relation between military capability and petroleum via examining the transition of GPR(Global Posture Review) after Cold War. Over the last five decades(1941-1991), America had been declared tremendously large number of military strategies. However, there had not existed distinguishable transition on GPR. It was til 1990s that the U.S. had not shown any movement on changing GPR. Arriving at mid-1990, America expanded its military bases into oil-producing areas, such as Middle East, Central Asia, and Africa. US military expenditure has also been hugely enlarged compared to Cold War era. This research has been clarified economic interests had driven GRP into the oil-producing areas. After the serial warfares after Cold War (1990 Gulf War, 2001 Afghanistan War, and 2003 Iraq War), US oil industry advanced into Caspian region, Libya-the former rogue, and Africa where US bases had been dispatched. Via looking at the mentioned cases, this article draw a following conclusion; at macro level, geoeconomic power of petroleum has driven the direction of diplomatic policy, whereas at micro level, individual profiles of the promoting group has given an impetus to the policy making process. Especially, during J.W.Bush administration, it had been plausibly apparent for the U.S. to attain its national interests utilizing GPR in order to sustain its hegemonic power. Oil has been treated as vital national interest for America who has been the first oil-importer and oil-consumer since 1980s. To obtain its goal, the U.S. has made use of hard power(economic and military power), ultimately for her to reign as a hegemonic state.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.