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The Effect of Political Contributions on Political Representation of Members of the National Assembly under Party Brands in South Korea

  • Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies
  • Abbr : JAPS
  • 2018, 25(1), pp.5-28
  • DOI : 10.18107/japs.2018.25.1.001
  • Publisher : Institute of Global Affairs
  • Research Area : Social Science > Social Science in general
  • Received : February 18, 2018
  • Accepted : March 15, 2018
  • Published : March 30, 2018

Young Hwan Park 1

1영남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Political consequences caused by disparities in political participation are depending upon political resources. Among other things, money is virtually essential in politics. Many political scientists are concerned about the power of money in the process of integrating opinions of citizens as economic inequality aggravates. In particular, as political donations make up a large portion of political funding, the possibility that donors can take control of political parties has been controversial in unequal democracy. With this in mind, this study explores how political contributions make an impact on political representation which is a core principle of representative democracy. What is more, this study pays attention to roles of political parties that would mediate the relationship between political contributions and representation. Using data of political funds raised by members of National Assembly in Korea, together with data measuring political representation of members of Korean National Assembly, the paper examines the research topics as mentioned above. The empirical results show that political contributions collected under party brands increase democratic responsiveness of representatives.

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