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Idiom Understanding of Adult with Mild Intellectual Disability

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2014, 15(4), pp.417-438
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

Oh Jin Young 1 Lee, Eun-ju 1

1단국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the characteristics of idiom understanding according to familarity and transparancy of the adults with mild intellectual disability were investigated. The subjects were 13 adults with mild intellectual disabilities and 13 normal children with the same language age in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Daejeon. Experimental tasks consisted of familiar-transparent idioms, familiar-opaque idioms, unfamiliar-transparent idioms and unfamiliar-opaque idioms. The multiple choice selection tasks were presented for idiom understanding. Each example contained idiomatic interpretation, contextual plausible interpretation, contextual implausible interpretation and literal interpretation. It carried out the mixed three-way ANOVA test to understand the difference between the two groups depending on the familiarity and transparency. The results of this study were as follows: the idiom understanding score of general children was significantly higher than that of adults with intellectual disabilities. There isn't a significant difference in the familiarity and transparency. In partifular, adults with mild intellectual disability tended to understand the meaning of idioms related with context and next literally. The results are further discussed regarding figurative language comprehension and reasoning ability.

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