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Performance Ability of Sentence Repetition and Error Patterns in Children Aged 4 to 6

김태숙 1 정승문 2 KWON, SOON WOO 1

1대구대학교
2고신대학교

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ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to provide the assessment of structure capability and the basic material for language therapy for children by making an suitable analysis. It gives us performance capability in sentence repetition speaking as well as error patterns resulted from sentence repetition speaking for 4 to 6 age children and has been made for children who reside in Gimhae from March to April in 2013. The result showed that in the sentence repetition speaking ability according to length along with age increase, the age 4-5 group increased but the age 5-6 group had no significant difference. In the sentence repetition speaking ability according to age and sentence structure 4-5 age group showed a significant difference but 5-6 age group, no difference. And complex sentence ability was higher than simple sentence ability in 9words length. The analysis of error patterns represented that the children included in 4 to 6 age group had a high number of error on the omission, substitution, addiction and displacement in the order. In omission, 4, 6, 5 age in order had a high error patterns. In substitution, 6 age had higher than 4-5 age. There was a significant result in subject, object, predicate, relative, Adverbial-omission, predicate- substitution and Adverbial addiction in the analysis of error patterns according to sentence composition. The 4-6 age group had the most frequent error patterns in Adverbial omission and second more frequent in predicate-substitute. Especially, 6 age made a higher error patterns than 4-5age. Therefore, this study obtained the result was similar to that of Van Riper, 1984 that the basic structure development was made before or after 5 age in that it had a significant difference between 4 and 5 age. Accordingly, language intervention shall be made by dint of considering 4-5 age difference for the purpose of making structure ability development enough to use a string of sentences with the children to own language retard and it needs to make related study deeply.

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