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Text Mining Analysis of Research Trends in Care for Disabled People

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2022, 23(2), pp.91-122
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : May 11, 2022
  • Accepted : June 15, 2022
  • Published : June 30, 2022

Kim, Cheong -seok 1 kwak Jeongran 2 Kim, Miseon 3 Park, Sekyung 4

1동국대학교
2동국대학교 인구와사회협동연구소
3서울대학교
4한국보건사회연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to empirically analyze how changes in social and policy perceptions and approaches to caring for the disabled are reflected in academic discourse using text mining techniques. [Methods] The analysis targeted the 170 papers in the Korean Citation Index, registered between January 2005 and March 2022, that included the term "care for the disabled". After examining the distribution of articles by period of publication and academic discipline, keyword frequency analysis, semantic network analysis, and topic modeling were conducted using the Korean-languages titles and abstracts. To examine periodic trends, publication dates were divided into four periods, namely the late 2000s, early 2010s, late 2010s, and early 2020s. [Results] First, papers about caring for disabled people have increased significantly in recent years and have been produced across various academic fields. Second, the keyword frequency and semantic network analyses show that terms relating to family care, such as 'children', 'mother', 'parent', and 'family', have high frequency and high centrality throughout the publication period. On the other hand, keywords relating to social care, such as ‘self-reliance’, ‘de-facility’, and ‘community integrated care’, occupy more peripheral positions. In the analysis by period, the frequency of family-based keywords was maintained while their centrality decreased somewhat, and both the frequency and centrality of 'community' gradually increased. Third, topic modeling for this research on caring for the disabled extracted four groups: Topic 1 is support for community-care services for those with developmental disabilities; Topic 2 is personal assistant services and care labor; Topic 3 is the burden on parents and families of caring for children with disabilities and social support for them; and Topic 4 is the care experience and stress of mothers caring for children with developmental disabilities. The number of articles in the social care Topics 1 and 2 increased significantly over time, and family-based articles in Topics 3 and 4 accounted for a large proportion of research throughout. [Conclusion] In the context of caring for the disabled, the research paradigm that the family is the main agent of care while society plays a partial role has persisted. This suggests a necessity for academic discourse that promotes the socialization of care.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.