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The Swedish Party Politics after the 2014 Parliamentary Election: Party System Change from Two-Block to Three-Party System

  • Journal of the Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Abbr : JSSK
  • 2015, (16), pp.1-56
  • Publisher : The Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > North Europe(Scandinavian)

Yonhyok Choe 1

1University College of South Stockholm

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Swedish party system has undergone a drastic change during the recent two decades. The traditional five-party system was challenged by the Christian Democratic Party which succeeded in winning a parliamentary seat in the 1985 election. Since then on, the Swedish party system has been changing to a multi-party system consisting of current 8 political parties. Although the electoral system based on Proportional Representation (PR) system is believed to be a crucial factor to formation of multi-party system, it does not make a broader account for why new parties can make a successful debut and why old parties fade away in parliamentary elections. The article treats three theories - social cleavages, post-materialism and, finally, racism as analyzing tools for grasping the changing patterns of the Swedish party system. Psephological analysis of the 2014 parliamentary election by manifesto, voting behavior and post-election process witnesses hardship of the new minority red-green government in handling approval of budget process with four right-wing opposition parties. The traditional two-block party system will be endangered by the increased leverage of the right extremist Swedish Democrats in the Parliament Riksdag. It is a looming trend that the Swedish party system is swiftly moving from two-block to three-party system.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.