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Analysis of the character change of the trolls in the Nordic picture book

  • Journal of the Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Abbr : JSSK
  • 2019, (23), pp.1-30
  • Publisher : The Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > North Europe(Scandinavian)
  • Received : May 29, 2019
  • Accepted : June 24, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

Lee, Moon-Jung 1

1호서대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The troll is a kind of monster in Nordic mythology. However, the character Troll does not stay in the narrative of myth, but is constantly changed and transformed from the present to the present, and also appears as a friendly figure in the picture book for children. By analyzing how the nature of the trolls in the Nordic picture book has changed, we can understand the culture phenomenon of children newly. The nature of trolls has been changed into three forms according to the changes in the relationship between people, nature and society. First, trolls in mythology appear in various forms as threatening and destructive supernatural beings, and they symbolize the harsh nature of nature. Humans who have been weak in front of nature have created a troll as a fearful being roaming in the dark. Secondly, the troll in the fairy tale is a human-oriented person who wants to resemble and admire human beings. Overcoming some of the natural dangers due to the development of civilization and science, trolls are shaped as being able to defeat and reflect the fear that the object is not in the outside but in the human world. Third, since the 20th century, in the modern picture book, trolls are identified with individual humans, especially children, and are represented as symbols representing the heterogeneous nature of human beings rather than individuals separate from humans. Thus, it can be seen that the trolls have not remained one fixed character from the classical period to the present, but are constantly evolving by the intertextuality.

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