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Factors to influence the family caregivers’ burden with the community-dwelling elderly under long-term care insurance system: comparison among sub-dimensions

han eun-jeong 1 나영균 2 Jungsuk Lee 3 권진희 1

1국민건강보험공단 건강보험정책연구원
2건강보험정책연구원
3국민건강보험공단

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ABSTRACT

As the burden of family caregivers has been rising as a social issue, it needs to develop the policies to alleviate the burden of family caregivers. The purpose of this study is to investigate factors related to family caregivers’ burden with the community- dwelling elderly under the long-term care insurance system, using the Stress Process Model developed by Pearlin(1990). Total 1,827 family caregivers with beneficiaries, who used the long-term care services in their home and community in March 2013, completed questionnaires. Family caregivers’ burden was measured by caregiver burden scale, developed by Kwon JD(1994). That is helpful in understanding families’ caregiving burden multi-dimensionally. To investigate factors related to family caregivers’ burden, multiple regression analysis was conducted. As a result, family caregivers got the average score 90.5 out of 140 on the total caregiving burden, which indicated a considerable burden. The influencing factors varied among the total and six dimensional burdens. The results of this study showed that a multi-dimensional approach is needed to relieve the family caregivers’ burden. In conclusion, we suggest some strategies to relieve the caregiving burden for family members. It is expected that this study would be helpful to policy-makers, the insurer, the long-term care providers and family caregivers in understanding the caregiving burden and influencing factors.

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