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The Intersection of Paid Work Time and Income Poverty: Estimating Relative Bargaining Power of Women in the Household and Labor Market Status Effects Using KOWEPS Data

Kirak Ryu 1

1한국직업능력개발원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Time is necessary, but unequally shared resources for one to secure income and happiness in labor markets and life-world. This paper argues that the distribution and use of paid work time is closely related with income inequality, and that it is also related with gender role specialization, relative bargaining power of women, and labor market status. Using the latest ten years’ KOWEPS data, this paper analyzes determinants of time-income poverty. Dual poverty status variables are constructed based on time poverty by long work-week threshold and household disposable income level, and longitudinal multinomial logit random effects models are estimated to analyze the effects of demographic characteristics and household-level labor supply factors. The effects of gender role consciousness and relative bargaining power are also estimated. Empirical evidence shows that dual poverty is not associated with gender role consciences, but strongly related with dual breadwinner status, with gender role consciousness having no significant impact. However, relative bargaining power has negative effects on dual poverty risks for women. Low wage employment, and labor market insider status such as union membership and insider status are found to contribute to reducing the risks of dual poverty.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.