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Analysis of Social Mobility Trends by Cohort in Korea

Yeo, Eugene 1

1한국보건사회연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study focused on empirical analysis of how the socioeconomic status of origin correlates to the socioeconomic status of destination, and how the educational level of the child has the effect across birth cohort. To this purpose, mobility table, odds ratio, and regression analysis were utilized. The analysis found that the number of skilled workers has decreased and the number of service, sales and clerical jobs has increased from industrialized generation to democratization and information generation. In the process, the intergenerational hereditary succession of occupations has occurred especially in management profession and simple labor. However, it was difficult to find a distinct trend by cohort. In contrast, the regression results show that each cohort has different variables that affect his earned income. In the case of the industrialization generation, the educational background of the parents, along with their sons in the case of the democratization generation, was shown to have a significant influence on sons earned income, but the effect of their parents' socioeconomic status was not statistically significant. However, for the information generation, the effect of their academic background was not significant, but it showed a marked effect of their father’s educational background and socioeconomic status.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.