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The Restorative Policing in Belgium - focused on Practices in Flanders -

  • Legal Theory & Practice Review
  • Abbr : LTPR
  • 2018, 6(4), pp.125-147
  • Publisher : The Korea Society for Legal Theory and Practice Inc.
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

MoonKwi KIM 1

1호서대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Restorative Justice refers to the paradigm of judicial paradigm and practice in which victims, perpetrators, and members of the community recover the damage caused by the crime through dialogue, unlike the traditional criminal justice procedures. As such, the role of restorative justice is victims, perpetrators, and members of the community, but the process also includes direct and indirect involvement by various judicial authorities such as police, prosecutors, lawyers, judges, and correctional officials. Among the criminal justice agencies, the police can play a significant role in the effective implementation of restorative justice. First, early recovery intervention at the police stage, which is the first step of the criminal procedure, can increase the possibility of attaining the goal pursued by restorative justice, such as restoration of the victim 's damage, re - socialization of the perpetrator, and recovery of relations between the parties. Second, the police are relatively more friendly to citizens than other criminal justice agencies, and they are based on the local community. Therefore, it is important for the victims, perpetrators, To participate in the restorative process. Third, the case of many countries shows that the application of restorative dispositions at the police level or by the police is successful in terms of satisfaction with the procedures and results of the stakeholders and the reliability of the police. Therefore, in South Korea, it is necessary to deepen the discussions about the realization of restorative justice at the police stage and the practical efforts to introduce it in practice. For this, it is necessary to examine other foreign cases where the restorative justice system developed at the police level. In this context, this study examines the police action based on restorative justice in Belgium, namely the practice program of restorative police activities, focusing on the Flanders area, and draws implications for restorative police activities in South Korea.

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