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A Study on Writing of Initial Law

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2014, (88), pp.5-27
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Kim Seong-ok 1

1충남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In Korean, there is a restriction that /ㄹ/ and /ㄴ/ before /i, y/ cannot be in word-initial position and this restriction is limited to Chinese characters as an initial law by the 10th clause to the 12th clause of 『Korean orthography』. Also, the principle of current orthography is formalism writing, but regulation related to initial law takes phonemic writing which reflects a phenomenon that original sounds of Chinese characters are changed by environment to the writing. This research generally discussed the problems and reexamination of writing reflection of initial law. The conclusions are brief abstraction of the discussion. First, initial law is firstly enacted by 『unification agenda』(1933), so this research examined periodical background of the period and changing process of the regulation. As the result, it confirmed that actual sounds of Chinese characters were arranged by enactment of『unification agenda』 and currently unified sounds of Chinese characters are used, so its significant is great. However, for the arrangement of Chinese character sounds, Chinese character sounds themselves changes by phonemic changes like palatalization and changing phenomenon by initial law, a kind of allophonic rule, were regulated to the writing samely. Therefore, in relation to current regulation of initial law, small and big problems for the writing are raised. Second,『Korean orthography』 , a regulation related to initial law, discussed about problems of the 10th~the 12th clauses and complication of phonemic regulation by initial law. Third, this research discussed about actual condition of actual linguistic life for writing and pronunciation of word-initial position /ㄹ/ and /ㄴ/ before /i, y/ and confirmed that writing and pronunciation of word-initial position /ㄹ/ and /ㄴ/ before /i, y/ are natural and familiar to people today. Fourth, it wrote original sounds of Chinese characters as one of solutions for the problems by initial law and set phonemic rules such as /ㄹ/-deletion, /ㄴ/-deletion and /ㄹ/→/ㄴ /-replacement. And, direct·indirect usefulness by this discussion was finally suggested for linguistic life of people.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.