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The aspects of the existence presented in Yu Chi-Hwan’s early poetry

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2014, (88), pp.299-331
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Ji-won,Lee 1

1충북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In order to explain schematically about diverse aspects of the existence that Yu Chi-Hwan’s early poetry shows, this paper utilized the concept of Grenzsituation and transcendental being as a methodological framework which are main ideas of Karl Jaspers. The focuses of this writing were what types of aspects as a response or reaction of the poet to Grenzsituation and transcendence were presented in his poetry and what were the ultimate meanings of these aspects. Although the Grenzsituation of death and mental pain is what left the poet in deep anguish, ironically, it performed a critical role that made him live as an existentialist with transcending himself. This paper examined concretely his poetic responses to this Grenzsituation and tried to interpret the relationship between the anguish such as compassion, futility, and sorrow which were the poetic subjects revealing those responses and the existence as the consciousness of existence. Also, the contradiction which many disputants have indicated as the feelings between love and hate or the collisions between compassion and volition in Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry was explained in a new way as it was a phenomena caused by collision between the present existence in Grenzsituation and the self being conscious of existence. It was examined that the self-torture in Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry, a poetic response or reaction to feelings of guilt and Grenzsituation of struggle, appeared as poetic practice toward the existence. Especially it was a distinct feature that the self-torture in his poetry took a method of self-experimentation. The poet adopted ordeal as a main expedient to give a jump up to the existence to unstable himself under Grenzsituation. Noting that there were some metaphysical feelings of guilt in the root of his self-torture, the seeking of existence in this paper was used to explain that the texts of self-torture are results of inner conflict between becoming free from guilt and attempting the existence. This writing took a notice that the self-transcendence in Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry was aimed at becoming the existence through transcending Grenzsituation of the present existence. The existence of Yu Chi-Hwan appeared as one returning back to the purest and true self. Therefore, the direction of the transcendence in Yu Chi-Hwan’s poetry moving toward the most original self had an introversion characteristic. Then Yu Chi-Hwan revealed symbolically the secret code of transcendental being in his poetry. Interpreting these symbols, this paper tried to explain the relation between the self-transcendence and the existence as the return to the self-transcendence and the original self. The aspects of the existence examined in this paper became a basic framework to know his sense and method of the existence. Those aspects examined as the anguish of the present existence and the consciousness of the existence, the seeking of the existence through self-torture, and the return to the self-transcendence and the original self are the results of his continuous searching for ultimate intention point of self existence.

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