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On the Lexicalization of 'X-eopta' type in Korean

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2014, (90), pp.5-38
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Koo Jong Nam 1

1전북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

There are many lexical items in Korean which were lexicalized from the syntactic structure 'X +eopta'(adjective)'. This paper aimed to confirm the lexicalization of these 'X-eopta' forms and explore the principle and manner of them. We can devide X into 10 types by their properties. Among them, many types can be restored to syntactic structures. But X in 'X-eopta' forms cannot be modified by verbs or adjectives, and 'eopta' has no ability to permit negative polarity items, and sometimes syntactic forms and 'X-eopta' forms show different distributions and functions. Therefore it is certain that 'X-eopta' forms had experienced lexicalization. In this paper 7 characteristics of 'X-eopta' lexicalization were presented. I discussed the lexicalization processes of every 'X-eopta' type. I argued that the lexicalization of 'X-eopta' types originated from the conventionalization of implied meaning of syntactic structures.

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