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A study on orthography of 「Tyosyonmal tokpon」 chot chack and 「Tyosyonmal tokpon」 tuljae chack, Korean language textbook of Korean American. ― Focused on comparison with 「Kukmunjamoeumyakhae(國文子母音略解)」 ―

Song Miyoung 1

1충남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics of orthography targeting 『Tyosyonmal tokpon』 chot chack and 『Tyosyonmal kyokwasyo』 tuljae chack published in 1927. Since mass immigration to Hawai began in 1903, the Korean society was formed in the American area. Wuseong(又醒) Park, Yongman(朴容萬) is the representative person who lead the Korean society in U.S. and head of the Korean National Independence League. And Wuseong School was established in Palama, Hawaii in April 1927 and an elementary Korean textbook was directly published and used as a teaching material. The characteristics of orthography of 『Tyosyonmal tokpon』 chot chack and 『Tyosyonmal kyokwasyo』 tuljae chack published by Park, Yongman are as follows. First, This book was composed mainly with ㅅ-initial compound cluster writing and for final consonants, 9 ones including ‘ㄷ and ㅆ’ were marked. And the nominal stem-final consonants show writing that consonant groups were not simplified except ‘ㄶ, ㅀ’, etc. writing of spelling and syllabification is shown in several examples, while it writing of syllabification and excessive syllabification is shown within substantives and predicates. This can be a plan to clarify and write basic forms of stems. The characteristics of orthography examined above are synonymous with 「Kukmunjamoeumyakhae(國文子母音略解)」(1909) published by Park, Yongman through news paper. Clarifying and writing consonant groups of stem words, expanding writing of syllabification or excessive syllabification would be an expedient to separate writing from pronunciation. And new letters were adopted to mark foreign languages. 13 consonants were additionally created and a vowel, ‘ㆍ’ tried to be marked as ‘十’. This means that a writing plan was devised to make Overseas Koreans learn their mother tongues in the relationship with foreign languages.

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