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Unification Process of the Objective Case and the Subjective Case in the Korean Old Vernacular Letters

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2019, (109), pp.7-36
  • DOI : 10.21793/koreall.2019.109.7
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : April 26, 2019
  • Accepted : June 14, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

Kim Seong-ok 1

1충남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examines the subjective and objective cases of the Korean Old Vernacular Letters in 19∼20th century and reviews the changes of ‘ᄋᆞᆫ/은/ᄂᆞᆫ/는,’ the subjective case of the Korean Old Vernacular Letters, and ‘ᄋᆞᆯ/을/ᄅᆞᆯ/를,’ the objective case in the 16∼19th centuries. Based on this, it is to examine the unification process of them. In the 19∼20th century, in Korean Old Vernacular Letters, when the noun final was closed syllable, was unified to ‘CVC+은 → CVC$은’ and ‘CVC+을 → CVC$을’. This is due to euphonic changes such as ‘ㆍ’ and changing the process of the subjective case ‘ᄋᆞᆫ/은>은’ and the objective case ‘ᄋᆞᆯ/을>을’. When the noun final was open syllable, the subjective case ‘ᄂᆞᆫ, 는, 난, 은’ and the objective case ‘ᄅᆞᆯ, 를, 랄, 을’ were shown in various forms. It was found that the subjective case and the objective case of the Korean Old Vernacular Letters in the 16∼19th centuries were ‘ᄂᆞᆫ’ and ‘ᄅᆞᆯ’, and euphonic changes such as ‘ㆍ’ are from the gradual nature of change.

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