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Expressivity Inherent in Jose Limon's Language of Movement

Ban,Ju-Eun 1 김윤경 2

1
2성균관대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Modern dance which appeared in the beginning of the 20th century was a challenge to classical ballet as a form of art and signaled the advent of a new form of dance and concept of art. Dancers in the earlier period of modern dance when there was no systematic language of movement apart from ballet studied the language of movement as a means of communication through which to put their messages about artistic expressions across to the audience, and accorded their thoughts, emotions and meanings about creative acts. Each dancer has his own distinct way of communication in art. Accordingly, an artist giving life to works that he wishes to express and the meaning being exhibited is a matter of communication with the audience or viewer. What is considered important is whether or not the meaning has been conveyed as it was intended. Among various methods of expression, Jose Limon who concentrated on developing the dancer's own unique movements and dance language regarded movement itself as a fundamental principle and made new languages of expression focusing on new movements. The present study conducted research on the meaning of general artistic expressions and how Limon made characteristics of movements expressed in dance and methods of expression inherent in movements into unique artistry and methods of expression through communicating with the audience in his language. As a result, the study found out that based on "Fall and Recovery" theory, Limon made his own nine methods of expression as the result of the flow of energy caused by gravity, and the expressions reflected in his work express precision and boldness felt from characteristics of nationalculture and the human body, based on the essence from human experience. Likewise, in order to bring artistic expressions and its meanings to life, throughout his creative work, Jose Limon breathed his philosophy and the ideas he got from his mentor into his works and focused on basic structures of methods of expression. Until today, his movements are utilized as diverse methods of expressing movements from educational and creative perspectives, and it is valuable as a method that makes the human body movements the most efficientand precise.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.