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Art project and the meaning of artworks in the age of glocalization : Focusing on the local art of Korea and Japan

  • The Journal of Aesthetics and Science of Art
  • Abbr : JASA
  • 2013, 39(), pp.151-183
  • Publisher : 한국미학예술학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Other Arts and Kinesiology
  • Published : October 31, 2013

Shin Nakyung 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Today, art project has become a very attractive genre of art by its advantages such as it could express various expression methods of contemporary art very vividly, and it is a genre that could realize ‘aesthetics of relationship’ which is distinct characteristic of contemporary art. The purpose of this paper is to study changes of meaning of art by looking into the meaning of regional revitalization art project which actively being developed in community as a genre that could realize ‘aesthetics of relationship’ which is distinct characteristic of contemporary art. Types of art project which being studied in this paper could be divided into four roughly; 1. ‘Participation type’ which various kinds of people participate in production. 2. ‘Exhibition type’ which has its purpose on appreciating the art works. 3. ‘Communication type’ that involves the process that various kinds of people making it together. 4. ‘System type’ that artist design the system and other person operates. In other words, if existing art have emphasized on ‘Beauty of the group’ through the art gallery, then regional art project rather understands mutual cultural characteristic and identity that each region has with collaboration system between local residence and stranger. Therefore, art began to act as possibility to collect ‘difference’ and ‘disharmony’ that always exist among the people. Second, it is aesthetics of ‘usefulness’. Art project like public art is deeply related with benefit of local residents and usefulness especially. It the fact usefulness has been recognized as additional one and devalued as it only applied in decorative art and applied arts since the modernism could be recalled, it could be said that it is a characteristic particularly found especially in regional art project. Third, compare to the fact that existing art was functioned as a tool of globalization and centralization along with art gallery, the art shown in regional art project functions as making objection to existing social system and dismantling existing social system, and therefore it became to function as decentralization strategy that leads global era culture. That is, now the epicenter of art could be one village in Japan, university away from the city, or civic community of small city of Korea rather than Paris or New York. Fourth, while modernism art was aesthetic experience that claimed to support aesthetic of formalism and mainly just appreciate the complete piece of art, in the art project that forms as collaboration type between artist and non-professionals, aesthetic experience has changed into mainly the process type experience. Art project instructs that only in this process type of aesthetic experience, region can function as place to rediscover everyday life through the art. Finally, compare to existing places surrounding existing art, art project has close relationship with the people outside of ‘art world’. In a sense that not only the contact with people outside of art world, but also the fact the people in and outside of region including the people moved to the place participate in practice of cultural production, it has complicated relationship in historical, political, and ethical matter. From these change of meaning above, now the art project is considered that it approached to public with sense of closeness and usefulness which modern art could not bring to us. However, since art project still has relational characteristic that involves contact among people, it has risk that asymmetric power or political nature to impede problem of art or expression. Therefore, if recognition and attitude towards asymmetrical power relation that always exist in people relationship cannot be well recognized, then it is considered that the fact it could be connected as change of region by eyes of stranger is the matter that people concerned should be aware of.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.