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The Study of Association about Alhazen's Optics Theory and Renaissance Linear Perspective

  • The Journal of Aesthetics and Science of Art
  • Abbr : JASA
  • 2017, 50(), pp.45-72
  • DOI : 10.17527/JASA.50.0.02
  • Publisher : 한국미학예술학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Other Arts and Kinesiology
  • Published : February 28, 2017

Yun hee Kang 1

1홍익대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article is a study on the relationship between the “Book of Optics” by Alhazen and the Renaissance linear perspective. The optical theory developed by Alhazen introduced the notion of light's impact on space, which later revolutionized the use of light and perspective in Renaissance art. Prior to Alhazen's work on optics, society in Europe during the Middle Ages viewed light as supernatural and sacred. It was not to be analyzed, transformed, or manipulated. Alhazen, on the other hand, took a different view of light. He saw light as the result of a physical and mathematical process. He understood that the perception of a physical object which based on outside light coming into a person's eyes, not based on light emanating from them. As a result, he explained that light and color were both physical substances whose attributes could be manipulated. He used mathematics to show how the geometric properties of light could alter the perception of objects. When Alhazen's ground-breaking work was finally translated into European languages during the Renaissance Period, it had a profound impact on artists of the time. Armed with an understanding of the physical process of light, they began to investigate the relationship between light and the spatial placement of physical objects in their paintings. By varying the impact of light on the physical objects in the painting, artists were able to introduce the idea of depth and linear perspective to their work, which would transform the art world forever.

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