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The Legitimacy of Pluralism of Aesthetics Focusing on Individuality and Tolerance

  • The Journal of Aesthetics and Science of Art
  • Abbr : JASA
  • 2017, 51(), pp.201-234
  • DOI : 10.17527/JASA.51.0.07
  • Publisher : 한국미학예술학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Other Arts and Kinesiology
  • Published : June 30, 2017

Bae, Ni-na 1

1경희대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to discuss the legitimacy of pluralism of aesthetics, focusing on individuality and tolerance. Since Danto proposed the end of art, various discussions have been held on the pluralism of art. Most discussions follow phenomenal analysis or meta-aesthetic methods. However, these discussions do not directly answer the question of whether the pluralism of art is worthwhile or worth pursuing. This article considers that the role of pluralism of aesthetics extends beyond the description of the phenomenon of contemporary art to the ethical necessity of the pluralism of art. The pluralism of aesthetics presupposes respect for individual liberal values, because it is established by the practice of tolerance and is sustainable by this practice. At the age of pluralism, there is no hierarchy between different art styles. Artists got the freedom to work without being bound by traditional norms or rules. Freedom of expression in art is manifested by variety of styles, materials and subjects. The changes that have arisen as the principles of artistic creation have resulted in the diversity of evaluation, criticism and interpretation. The freedom that art gains has raised a certain expectation on a possibility of a variety of works, as well as misunderstanding of pluralism of aesthetics, due to the fact that it seems that the principle of art has disappeared. But the principles of art have not gone away, but diversified. The diversity of art, as told by the pluralism of aesthetics does not mean unlimited diversity and does not include unlimited freedom. Even though the pluralism of art is accepted, it is possible to distinguish art and non-art. If the pluralism of art is unlimited, it will be no different from relativistic aesthetics. However, pluralism of aesthetics is not a relativistic aesthetic because it does not deny universal principles. It is also distinguished from relativistic aesthetics in that it requires practice of tolerance. The coexistence of various art principles is possible through practice of tolerance. As long as pluralism of aesthetics respects the value of individuality and demands the practice of tolerance, the pluralism of art is required ethically.

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