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Craft as a Process and Practice : Bricolage as Framework Related to Expansion of Craft

  • The Journal of Aesthetics and Science of Art
  • Abbr : JASA
  • 2017, 51(), pp.335-368
  • DOI : 10.17527/JASA.51.0.11
  • Publisher : 한국미학예술학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Other Arts and Kinesiology
  • Published : June 30, 2017

Sae-Mi Cho 1

1상명대학교 홍지예술학연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Since postmodernism, the concept of Art has become disorganized and impossible to define whereas the concept of craft has been more standardized. Yet, effected by contemporary globalism, late capitalist production environment, and rapidly changing media environment, this article suggests that the redefinition of the concept of ‘craft’ is significantly demanded. Exploring the classification history of craft materials, this paper examines that not only primary materials but also ready-made or found-object can be considered as craft material. Discussing the form and meaning of ‘found object’, this research examines the found object involved in 20th century avant-garde art, contemporary independent craft, and craftivism. The concept of craft as a process and practice results in the question of how to reconstruct the relationship between ‘making’ and ‘craft’ in a broader context. It is bricolage, a way of understanding the real world by utilizing non-hierarchical materials and tools in an economical and rational way, as a framework to redefine the concept of craft. This study on the craft as a process and practice can be reconsidered due to the following two reasons. First, the research on craft concepts as a process and practice can discuss the methodology of expanding opportunities for people with diverse backgrounds to reconnect with society through self-directed production activities. Second, the concept of craft as a practice can contribute to rebuild the cultural community through socially productive activities.

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