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A Study on the Property of the Chinese Term “Jiyu”

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2014, (36), pp.113-129
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2014..36.005
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : October 31, 2014

Kim, Jong-chan 1

1안동대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Prepositions have been considered to form the complement with their object, when they are placed after the verbs or adjectives in Chinese. This kind of viewpoint can’t explain the changes in Chinese. In Chinese the prepositions have the tendency of adhering to the verbs or adjectives when they are followed by the verbs or adjectives. “Jiyu” is one of the structure of “verb+preposition”. A preposition is to form prepositional structure with a noun, a pronoun, or a noun phrase to modify a verb, and it functions as a complement, when it is prepositioned by verbs or adjectives. The dictionary 《Xiandai Hanyu Cidian》 describe that “Jiyu” is a preposition, but I don’t agree with it. According to my research, “Jiyu” can also use as a verb in Chinese. So I think that it not only has the function of preposition, but also has the function of verb. Most prepositions that came from verbs still retain their verbal functions, for example; Zai, Dao, Gei, Gen etc. Actually “Jiyu” also retains its verbal function. Therefore I agree that “Jiyu” is one of the double classification of words.

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