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A Study on the Verb Usage of '于' in the Oracle bone Inscriptions

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2023, (67), pp.35-65
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2023..67.002
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : January 10, 2023
  • Accepted : February 20, 2023
  • Published : February 28, 2023

dong-choon Ryu 1

1서강대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to consider the verb usage of 于 in the Oracle bone Inscriptions. The most actively used adposition in ancient Chinese, 于, also appears a lot in oracle bone inscriptions. After 羅振玉 first extracted 于 from the Oracle, 楊樹達 first raised the theory of verb. Since then, 郭錫良 and 張玉金 have presented examples of 于's use of verbs and raised the opinion that the use of adpositions originated from the use of verbs, but there are many objections to this. The presence or absence of 于's verb usage is not only a key to deciphering the Oracle and identifying the origin of Chinese adpositions, but can also be an important source for determining whether the theory of "multilingual adpositions are mostly grammaticalized in verbs" in Chinese. First of all, this paper outlined previous studies on the verb usage of 于 in the Oracle, reviewed the research results on literature data, including 詩經, and analyzed the Oracle text presented by previous researchers as examples of verb usage. As a result of the review of this paper, there was no clear use of verbs in the Oracle.

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